Concluding the Baptist Larger Catechism



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About 10 months ago, I embarked on a project of completing a Baptist Larger Catechism, which was intended to be a Particular Baptist version of the Westminster Larger Catechism, in which a thorough discussion of credobaptist distinctives have been given in catechetical form. On last week, I’ve finished the last questions of this catechism regarding the Lord’s Prayer.

I want to thank everyone who took the time to read through the catechism and to offer suggestions, criticisms, and edits. The final form of the Baptist Larger Catechism can be found on this PDF link. The next goal for this project is to format it in e-book form and distribute it to those who would be interested in using it for their own growth. I will also add a page to this blog in the future for those who like to access the catechism online

On Sobriety in the Christian Life


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In my previous blog, I discussed how patience (along with the closely-related virtues of endurance and perseverance) is one of the most valuable Christian virtues in connection to Christian maturity. However, there is another virtue of the Christian life which, when duly exercised, will contribute substantially to our well-being as individual Christians and as a church body. If we are to pursue genuine Christian maturity, we must heed the exhortation towards sobriety.

Sobriety and Wisdom

I think that most Christians would think of sobriety primarily in terms of restraint from alcohol or other addictive substances. However, the scriptures give a fuller meaning of this virtue. Within the OT, sobriety is often depicted in terms of levelheadedness in judgment. For example, during Job’s period of severe trial, Job sought to find and keep the proper balance between hope and despair, while his unwise friends gave exaggerated and lopsided explanations of Job’s sorrows and of God’s purposes. For this, the Lord chastises Job’s friends (cf. Job 42:7), even as Job is commended for his level-headed judgment. In this sense, sobriety was a form of true wisdom. The book of Proverbs illustrates that OT saints were made well-aware of the importance and value of a mind and heart that maintained a sober and well-balanced view which was in harmony with the God’s law and yet avoided extremes of judgment of action. This explains why impulsiveness, carelessness, and exaggeration in emotion are considered traits of folly (cf. Proverbs 14:5; 18:2; 29:11).

The apostles build upon this OT background to define sobriety as freedom from every form of mental and spiritual drunkenness, which includes freedom from excess, inordinate passions, rashness, and confusion (cf. 1 Peter 1:13; 5:8; 1 Thessalonians 5:6). Therefore, the call to sobriety is a call to a well-balanced and self-controlled life. However, note that the apostles do not content themselves with the general call to sobriety, but this call extends to all Christians in all stages of life. Often, the apostles exhort us towards sobriety with specific applications associated with the specific needs and callings of Christians. Here are a few examples:

  • We are called to sober in our appraisal of gifts and character (cf. Romans 12:3),
  • One of the chief character traits that define elders is sobriety (cf. 1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:7-8)
  • Older, godly women should be characterized by sobriety and they are charged to teach younger women to be sober-minded
  • All men must be reverent and sober in behavior, even in their young years (cf. Titus 2:2)

Thus, sobriety is a necessary ingredient of every phase of our sanctified life and the very life of our church is conditioned by its influence.

Fundamentally, the gospel itself makes sobriety an imperative (cf. Titus 2:12), which also explain why Christians are exhorted towards sobriety in light of the imminent return of the Lord Jesus (cf. 1 Peter 4:7). However, of what sort is this spirit of sobriety? Consider the excellent statement from renowned Greek classicist Gilbert Murray in regards to the NT word commonly used to express sobriety:

There is a way of thinking which destroys and a way that saves. The man or woman who is sophron walks among the beauties and perils of the world, feeling the love; joy, anger, and the rest; and through it all he has that in his mind which saves. Whom does it save; Not him, but as we should say, the whole situation. It saves the imminent evil from coming to be.

Christ: The Standard of Sobriety

How can we apply the above statement from Gilbert Murray to Christian sobriety? We must first recognize that we are children of God by faith in Christ Jesus and thus, we are called to be imitators of Him. Our Savior’s mind was a sober mind; a mind dedicated to and centered upon the one purpose of His life – namely to save His people from the dreadful course of their lives which must end in eternal death. Christ was truly man, and thus He was affected by hunger, thirst, pain, hostility, human emotion, and earthly needs. He stood against Satan and world, but He stood always for His people, whose substitute He had become in His Person. Because He was absolutely determined to save us, every word and deed was intentional and deliberate. He assessed every event, every act of others, every word and occasion from this posture. He did not swing wildly in His responsibilities, His feelings, and His expressions.

Never did Christ compromise or ignore one jot or tittle of the Scriptures, yet consider how he varied His approach to men and situations. When a father implores Him in behalf of a demon-possessed son, Jesus meets the need immediately (cf. Matthew 17:14-23); however, when the Canaanite woman pleads for her daughter who is vexed by a devil, He deliberately delays (cf. Matthew 15:21-28). When the two sons of Zebedee approach Him with their strange request for seats of honor in His kingdom, the Savior chides them gently (cf. Matthew 20:20-24). However,  when Simon Peter attempts to dissuade Jesus from the cross, the Lord rebukes him (cf. Matthew 16:21-23). The Lord could cleanse the Temple of the money-changers with controlled indignation (cf. Mark 11:15-19) and admonish Simon the Pharisee with measured patience (cf. Luke 7:36-49). In each and every case, we can readily see that the Lord’s words and actions were carefully tailored to the saving approach which each circumstance dictated.

Jesus is the preeminent example of sobriety, which has in itself the virtue of seeing in each case how Gospel truth, spirit and power will best be employed to promote a truly salutary result. Although we cannot hope to equal His performance, we can learn from it. For those of us who are Americans, we live in a society that is lives for the weekend and is oriented around entertainment and recreation. Our society is generally characterized by silliness, banality, and aimless hedonism, rather than the appropriate seriousness that comes from a saving understanding of the gospel. We must be especially careful not to allow this world to mold us into its likeness and to allow the lullaby of this world to cause us to fall asleep. As Christians, we are exhorted to take a sober stance at all times, in all our relationships with people, with events that confront us in our lives. This requires a circumspect, judicious mind which can properly evaluate the elements in a situation and respond to it in a sound and helpful manner.

We must also be aware of the counterfeit of this virtue. The people of the world know of something similar to Christian sobriety, but the resemblance is no more than superficial. The world speaks of tact, of diplomacy, of being circumspect, of adapting oneself to situations, of the art of compromise. However, these traits are often done from a self-serving and self-seeking heart, which is the very opposite of Christian sobriety. True sobriety is intentionally directed towards love of God and love of man; it searches out and finds the point at which the converging lines of full and explicit obedience to the Gospel and of the true need of men meet, and there takes proper action in love.

In light of the grace of God that has come to us, let us pursue maturity by living sober and godly lives in this present age as we wait for our blessed hope