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In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we are addressing Ch. 5 in the 1689 London Baptist Confession on God’s works of providence. This section expands questions 15 and 16 in the Baptist Catechism (1693) and Keach’s Catechism. As before, expanded answers are based on the language of the 1689 Baptist Confession. An additional question has been added concerning God’s providence towards angels, similar to question 19 in the Westminster Larger Catechism. As before, feel free to comment on the expanded portions of the questions below.

 

 

Q. 20: What are God’s works of providence?

A: God’s works of providence are His most holy1, wise2, and powerful preserving3 and governing4 of all His creatures and all their actions5 to His own glory.6

1. Psalm 145:17; Leviticus 21:8

2. Psalm 104:24; Isaiah 28:29

3. Hebrews 1:3; Psalm 36:6; Nehemiah 9:6

4. Psalm 103:19; Psalm 145:14-16; Job 38-41

5. Matthew 10:29-31; Genesis 45:7; Psalm 135:6

6. Romans 11:36; Isaiah 63:14

 

Q. 21: What is God’s providence towards the angels?

A: God, by His providence, permitted some of the angels, willfully and irrecoverably, to fall into sin and damnation,1 limiting and ordering their fall and all their sins to His own glory.2 God established the rest of the angels in holiness and happiness,3 employing them all,4 according to His pleasure, as administrative agents of His power, mercy, and justice.5

1. Jude 6; 2 Peter 2:4; Hebrews 2:16; John 8:44

2. Job 1:12; Matthew 8:31; Luke 10:17

3. 1 Timothy 5:21; Mark 8:38; Hebrews 12:22

4. Psalm 103:20; Psalm 104:4

5. Hebrews 1:14; 2 Kings 19:35

 

Q. 22: What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created?

A: God, by His providence, placed man in paradise, appointing him to dress it and keep it.1 God gave man the liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth,2 placed the creatures under his dominion,3 ordained marriage for his help,4 afforded him communion with Himself,5 and instituted the Sabbath.6 Moreover, God entered into a covenant of life with him upon condition of perfect obedience7 (of which the tree of life was a pledge8), forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death.9

1. Genesis 2:8, 15

2. Genesis 2:16

3. Genesis 1:28

4. Genesis 2:18; Matthew 19:3-6; Ephesians 5:31

5. Genesis 1:26-28; Genesis 3:8

6. Genesis 2:3; Exodus 20:11

7. Genesis 2:16-17; Hosea 6:7; Romans 5:12-14

8. Genesis 2:9; Genesis 3:22-24

9. Genesis 2:17; James 2:10

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