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In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we address the fall of our first parents, Adam and Eve, (and by implication, the fall of human race) found in Ch. 6 in the 1689 London Baptist Confession. This section expands and rearranges questions 17-21 in the Baptist Catechism (1693). For instance, question 23 below expands and combines questions 17 and 19 in the Baptist Catechism (1693). Moreover, question 25 below combines questions 20 and 21 in the Baptist Catechism (1693). As before, feel free to comment on the expanded and rearranged portions of the questions below.
Q. 23: Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created?
A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their will, through the temptation of Satan, sinned against God in eating the forbidden fruit and thereby, fell from the estate wherein they were created.1
Q. 24: What is sin?
A: Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable creature.1
Q. 25: Did all mankind fall in Adam’s transgression?
A: Since the covenant made with Adam was as a public person (not for himself only but for his posterity1), all mankind, descending from him by original generation, sinned in him and fell with him in that first disobedience.2 The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery.3