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In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we finish Ch. 6 in the 1689 London Baptist Confession on the fall of the human race. In this section, we discuss how the fall has brought mankind into a state of sin and misery. This section expands questions 22-23 in the Baptist Catechism (1693) and the Keach Catechism. Additional questions have been added (Q27, Q29, and Q30) based on the format of the Westminster Larger Catechism, using the language of the 1689 London Baptist Confession where appropriate. As before, feel free to comment on the additional questions added and the expanded questions below.
Q. 26: Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto men fell?
A: The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell consists in the guilt of Adam’s first sin, the want of original righteousness,1 and the corruption of his whole nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and opposed to all that is spiritually good as well as being continually inclined to all evil, which is commonly called original sin;2 together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it.3
Q. 27: How is original sin conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity?
A: Original sin is conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity by natural generation, so as all that proceed from them in that way are conceived and born in sin.1
Q. 28: What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?
A: All mankind, by their fall, lost communion with God,1 are under His wrath and curse2 such that we are by nature children of wrath3 and bond slaves of Satan,4 and are made liable to all miseries and punishments in the world and that which is to come.5
Q. 29: What are the punishments for sin in this world?
A: The punishments of sin in this world are both internal and external. Internal punishments for sin in this world include blindness of mind,1 a reprobate sense,2 strong delusions,3 hardness of heart,4 horror of conscience,5 and vile affections.6 External punishments for sin in this world include God’s curse on the whole creation for our sakes,7 and all other evils that befall us in our bodies, our reputations, estates, relationships, and employments,8 including death itself.9
2. Romans 1:28
4. Romans 2:5
6. Romans 1:26
7. Genesis 3:17
Q. 30: What are the punishments for sin in the world to come?
A: The punishments for sin in the world to come include everlasting separation from the comfortable presence of God1 and the most grievous torments in soul and body in hellfire, without interruption, forever.2