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In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we begin Ch. 8 in the 1689 London Baptist Confession on Christology. Here, we discuss the person of Christ, with particular emphasis on the hypostatic union. This section consists of an expansion of questions 25 and 26 in the Baptist Catechism and the Keach Catechism. Three additional questions have been added to this section that address why the hypostatic union is necessary for our redemption. These questions are similar to questions 38-40 in the Westminster Larger Catechism.

As before, feel free to comment on the additional questions added and the expanded questions below.

 

Q. 36: Who is the Redeemer of God’s elect?

A: The only Redeemer of God’s elect (and the only Mediator of the Covenant of Grace) is the Lord Jesus Christ,1 who is the eternal Son of God, of one substance and equal with the Father.2 In the fullness of time, He became man,3 and so He was and continues to be God and man with two complete and distinct natures within one person, forever.4

1. 1 Timothy 2:5; John 14:6; Acts 4:12

2. John 1:1, 14, 18; John 10:30; Philippians 2:6; Psalm 2:7; Matthew 3:17; Matthew 17:5

3. Galatians 4:4; Matthew 1:23; John 1:14

4. Luke 1:35; Acts 1:11; Romans 9:5; Colossians 2:9; Hebrews 7:24-25; Hebrews 13:8; Philippians 2:5-11

 

 

Q. 37: How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?

A: Christ, the Son of God, became man by taking to Himself a true body and a reasonable soul.1 He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the womb of the virgin Mary, of her substance and born of her,2 yet without sin.3

1. John 1:14; Matthew 26:38; Philippians 2:7; Hebrews 2:14-17; Luke 2:40, 52; John 11:33

2. Luke 1:27, 31, 35; Galatians 4:4

3. Hebrews 4:15; Hebrews 7:26; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 John 3:5

 

 

Q. 38: Why was it necessary that the Mediator should be God?

A: It was necessary that the Mediator should be God so that He might sustain and keep His human nature from collapsing under the infinite wrath of God and the power of death;1 give worth and efficacy to His sufferings, obedience, and intercession;2 and to satisfy God’s justice,3 procure God’s favor,4 purchase His very own people,5 give His Spirit to them,6 conquer all their enemies,7 and bring them to everlasting salvation.8

1. Acts 2:24-25; Romans 1:4; Romans 4:25; Hebrews 9:14

2. Acts 20:28; Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 7:25-28; John 17

3. Romans 3:24-26

4. Ephesians 1:6; Matthew 3:17

5. Titus 2:13-14

6. Galatians 4:6; John 15:26; John 16:7; John 14:26

7. Luke 1:68-74

8. Hebrews 5:8-9; Hebrews 9:11-15

 

 

 

Q. 39: Why was it necessary that the Mediator should be man?

A: It was necessary that the Mediator should be man so that He might advance our nature,1 perform obedience to the Law,2 suffer and make intercession for us in our nature,3 have a fellow feeling of our infirmities;4 and so that we might receive the adoption of sons,5 and have comfort and access with boldness unto the throne of grace.6

1. Hebrews 2:16; 2 Peter 1:4

2. Galatians 4:4; Matthew 5:17; Romans 5:19; Philippians 2:8

3. Hebrews 2:14; Hebrews 7:24-25

4. Hebrews 4:15

5. Galatians 4:5

6. Hebrews 4:16

 

 

Q. 40: Why was it necessary that the Mediator should be God and man in one person?

A: It was necessary that the Mediator, who was to reconcile God and man, should Himself be both God and man in one person, so that the proper works of each nature might be accepted of God on our behalf,1 and relied on by us as the works of the whole person.2

1. Matthew 1:21, 23; Matthew 3:17; Hebrews 9:14

2. 1 Peter 2:6

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