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In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we continue Ch. 8 in the 1689 London Baptist Confession on Christology. Here, we discuss the offices of Christ as a prophet, a priest, and a king. This section consists of an expansion of questions 27-30 in the Baptist Catechism and the Keach Catechism. Two additional questions have been added to address why our Redeemer is called Jesus Christ (Question 41 below) and how does Christ intercede for us (Question 45 below). These additional questions are similar to questions 41, 42, and 55 in the Westminster Larger Catechism.

As before, feel free to comment on the additional questions added and the expanded questions below.

Q. 41: Why was our Redeemer called Jesus Christ?

A: Our Redeemer was called Jesus Christ because He saves His people from their sins1 and because He was anointed with the Holy Spirit above measure.2 Consequently, He was set apart and fully equipped with all authority and power3 to execute His offices within the Church.

1. Matthew 1:21

2. Matthew 3:16; Acts 10:37-38; John 3:34; Psalm 45:7

3. John 6:27; Matthew 28:18-20; Romans 1:3-4

Q. 42: What offices does Christ execute as a our Redeemer?

A: Christ executes the offices of a prophet,1 of a priest,2 and of a king of His church,3 both in His estate of humiliation and exaltation.

1. Acts 3:21-22; Luke 4:18-21; Hebrews 1:1-2; Deuteronomy 18:18

2. Hebrews 5:5-7; Hebrews 4:14-15

3. Psalm 2:6; Luke 1:32-34; John 18:37; Matthew 21:5; Isaiah 9:6-7; Philippians 2:8-11

 

 

Q. 43: How does Christ execute the office of a prophet?

A: Christ executes the office of a prophet by revealing to the Church,1 in various ways2 throughout all ages by His Spirit and Word,3 the complete will of God for their edification and salvation.4

1. John 15:15; John 1:18

2. Hebrews 1:1-2

3. 1 Peter 1:10-12

4. Acts 20:32; Ephesians 4:11-13; John 20:31

Q. 44: How does Christ execute the office of a priest?

A: Christ executes the office of a priest by offering Himself once for all as a sacrifice without spot to God1 to satisfy divine justice and to be reconciliation for the sins of His people;2 and in making continual intercession for His people.3

1. Hebrews 9:14, 28; Hebrews 10:12; Isaiah 53

2. Hebrews 2:17; 2 Corinthians 5:18; Colossians 1:21-22

3. Hebrews 7:25; Hebrews 9:24

Q. 45: How does Christ make intercession?

A: Christ makes intercession by continually appearing in our human nature before the Father in heaven,1 in the merit of His obedience and sacrifice on earth,2 declaring His will to be applied to all believers,3 answering all accusations against them,4 and procuring for them peace of conscience, in spite of their daily failures,5 access with boldness to the throne of grace,6 and full acceptance of their persons and services.7

1. Hebrews 9:12, 24

2. Isaiah 53:12; Hebrews 1:3

3. John 3:16; John 17:9, 20, 24

4. Romans 8:33-34

5. Romans 5:1-2; 1 John 2:1-2

6. Hebrews 4:16

7. Ephesians 1:6; 1 Peter 2:5

Q. 46: How does Christ execute the office of a king?

A: Christ executes the office of a king by calling a people for Himself out of the world1 and giving them officers,2 laws,3 and censures by which He visibly governs them.4 He bestows saving grace upon His elect,5 rewards their obedience,6 corrects them for their sins,7 preserves and supports them in all their temptations and sufferings,8 restrains and overcomes all their enemies,9 and powerfully orders everything for His own glory and their well-being.10 Finally, Christ executes just retribution against all others who neither know God nor obey the gospel.11

1. Acts 15:14-16; Genesis 49:10; Psalm 110:3; John 17:2

2. Ephesians 4:11-12; 1 Corinthians 12:28

3. Isaiah 33:22

4. Matthew 18:17-18; 1 Corinthians 5:4-5

5. Acts 5:31

6. Revelation 22:12; Revelation 2:10

7. Revelation 3:19

8. Isaiah 63:9

9. 1 Corinthians 15:25; Psalm 110:1-2

10. Romans 14:10-11; Romans 8:28

11. 2 Thessalonians 1:8-9; Psalm 2:8-9

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