ascension, baptist catechism, catechisms, christology, confessing baptist, eschatology, exaltation of Christ, glory of Christ, judgment, keach catechism, london baptist confession, reformed baptist, resurrection, second coming, westminster larger catechism, westminster shorter catechism
In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we finish Ch. 8 in the 1689 London Baptist Confession on Christology. Here, we discuss Christ in His state of exaltation. This section consists of an expansion of question 32 in the Baptist Catechism and the Keach Catechism. Four additional questions have been added to explain how Christ is exalted in (1) His resurrection, (2) His ascension, (3) His sitting at the right hand of the Father, and (4) His imminent return to judge the world. These additional questions are similar to questions 51-54 and 56 in the Westminster Larger Catechism.
As before, feel free to comment on the additional questions added and the expanded questions below.
Q. 52: What was the estate of Christ’s exaltation?
A: The estate of Christ’s exaltation consists of His resurrection,1 His ascension,2 His sitting at the right hand of the Father,3 and His imminent return to judge the world.4
Q. 53: How was Christ exalted in His resurrection?
A: Christ was exalted in His resurrection, in that, not having seen corruption in death (for it was impossible for Him to be held1) and having the very same body in which He suffered with all its essential properties thereof2 truly united to His soul,3 (but without mortality and other common infirmities associated with this life) He rose again from the dead on the third day by His own power.4 By His resurrection, He plainly declared Himself to be the Son of God,5 to have satisfied divine justice,6 to have conquered death as well as Him who holds the power of death,7 and to be Lord of the living and the dead.8 He did all this as a public person9 and as the head of His church10 in order to justify believers,11 make them alive in His grace,12 support them against their enemies,13 and to assure them of their resurrection from the dead at the last day.14
1. Acts 2:24-27
2. Luke 24:39
4. John 10:18
5. Romans 1:4
7. Hebrews 2:14
8. Romans 14:9
11. Romans 4:25
Q. 54: How was Christ exalted in His ascension?
A: Christ was exalted in His ascension, in that, having after His resurrection appeared numerous times and conversed with His apostles, speaking to them of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God,1 and commissioning them to preach the gospel to all nations,2 He, in our nature and as our head,3 visibly ascended to the highest heavens forty days after His resurrection, triumphing over enemies.4 There, He receives gifts for men,5 raises our minds and affections,6 and prepares a place for us,7 where He is and shall continue to be until His second coming at the end of the world.8
1. Acts 1:2-3
7. John 14:3
8. Acts 3:21
Q. 55: How is Christ exalted in His sitting at the right hand of the Father?
A: Christ is exalted in His sitting at the right hand of Father, in that, as the God-man, He is advanced to the highest favor with God the Father1 with all fullness of joy,2 glory,3 and power over all things in heaven and earth.4 There, Christ gathers and defends His church, subdues their enemies; provides His ministers and people with gifts and graces,5 and makes intercession for them.6
3. John 17:5
Q. 56: How is Christ to be exalted in His imminent return to judge the world?
A: Christ is to be exalted in His imminent return to judge the world, in that He, who was unjustly judged and condemned by wicked men,1 shall come again at the last day in great power2 and in the full manifestation of His own and His Father’s glory with all His holy angels,3 accompanied by a shout of command, the voice of the archangel and the trumpet of God,4 to judge the world in righteousness.5
1. Acts 3:14-15