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In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we address Ch. 10 in the 1689 London Baptist Confession on the application of redemption, with specific emphasis on the effectual calling. This section consists of an expansion of questions 33-35 in the Baptist Catechism and the Keach Catechism. Two additional questions have been added to emphasize that only the elect are effectually called to salvation. These additional questions are similar to questions 60 and 68 in the Westminster Larger Catechism.
As before, feel free to comment on the additional questions added and the expanded questions below.
Q. 57: What benefits has Christ procured by His mediation?
A: Christ, by His mediation, has procured redemption1 with all the other benefits of the covenant of grace.2
Q. 58: Who are made partakers of redemption through Christ?
A: Redemption is certainly applied and effectually communicated to all those for whom Christ has purchased it1 through the Holy Spirit2 who, in the process of time, works faith in them to believe in Christ as presented in the gospel,3 and thereby unites them, spiritually and mystically yet truly and inseparably, to Christ as their head and husband.4 This union with Christ is done in their effectual calling.5
Q. 59: What is effectual calling?
A: Effectual calling is the work of God’s almighty power and grace,1 whereby He (out of His free and special love to His elect and not from anything inherently in them2) at the right time invites and draws them to Jesus Christ by His Word and Spirit.3 God savingly enlightens their minds in the knowledge of Christ,4 renews and transforms their wills,5 and makes them (even though they are dead in sin) willing and freely able to answer His call voluntarily and to gladly accept the grace offered and conveyed.6
Q. 60: Are the elect only effectually called?
A: All the elect, and only they, are effectually called.1 Although others may be and often are externally called by the ministry of the Word,2 and although the Spirit may work in them in some of the same ways He works in the elect,3 from their own willful neglect of and contempt for the grace offered to them, they are justly allowed to remain in their unbelief and never truly come to Christ.4
1. Acts 13:48
Q. 61: Can those who have never heard the gospel and so neither know Jesus Christ nor believe in Him be saved by living according to their own natural understanding?
A: Those who have never heard the gospel1 and do not know Jesus Christ2 nor believe in Him cannot be saved3 no matter how diligently they frame their lives according to their own natural understanding4 or the laws of that religion which they profess.5 Salvation comes from no other than Christ alone.6
1. Romans 10:14
6. Acts 4:12