baptist catechism, catechisms, confessing baptist, death, eschatology, intermediate state, judgment, keach catechism, london baptist confession, reformed baptist, westminster larger catechism, westminster shorter catechism
In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we begin Ch. 31 in the 1689 London Baptist Confession on death and the intermediate state. This section consists of an expansion of questions 41 and 43 in the Baptist Catechism and the Keach Catechism with additional questions regarding the state of man after death. These additional questions seek to answer why all people (including believers) must die (Q. 76 and Q. 77). These additional questions are similar to questions 84-85 in the Westminster Larger Catechism.
As before, feel free to comment on the additional questions added and the expanded questions below.
Q. 76: Shall all men die?
A: Since death is the wages of sin,1 it is appointed unto all men to die once2 because all have sinned.3
1. Romans 6:23
2. Hebrews 9:27
3. Romans 5:12
Q. 77: Since death is the wages of sin, why are the righteous not delivered from death?
A: The righteous will be delivered from death itself at the last day. Moreover, even when they die, they are delivered from the sting and curse of death,1 and God’s love2 completely frees them from sin and misery,3 enabling them to have a deeper communion with Christ when they enter into His glory after death.4
Q. 78: What benefits do believers receive from Christ at death?
A: The benefits that believers receive from Christ at death involve their souls being made completely holy1 and being received into the highest heavens,2 which are fruits of their communion in glory with Christ. There they behold the face of God in light and glory3 as they wait for the full redemption of their bodies,4 which even in death continue united to Christ5 and rest in the grave as in a bed,6 until at the last day body and soul are reunited.7
6. Isaiah 57:2
7. Job 19:26-27
Q. 79: What shall be done to the wicked at death?
A: At death, the souls of the wicked shall be cast into hell, where they remain in torment and utter darkness, and their bodies lie in their graves until the resurrection and judgment of the great day.1