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In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we continue our discussion on Ch. 19 in the 1689 London Baptist Confession on the moral law. This section consists of the classic Reformed view concerning the threefold division of the law. These questions have been added to provide a comprehensive understanding of the use of the law. These are similar to questions 94-97 in the Westminster Larger Catechism.

As before, feel free to comment on the additional questions added and the expanded questions below.

 

 

Q. 87: Is there any use of the moral law to man since the Fall?

A: Although after the fall no one can attain to righteousness and life by means of the moral law,1 it is still of great use and still applies to all men, whether unregenerate or the regenerate.2

1. Romans 8:3; Galatians 2:16

2. 1 Timothy 1:8

 

 

Q. 88: Of what use is the moral law to all men?

A: The moral law is of use to all men because it informs them of the holy nature and will of God1 and because it informs them of their duty to live by it.2 It also reveals to them the sinful pollution of their nature, hearts, and lives, which convinces them that they are unable to keep it.3 The moral law also humbles men with the recognition of their sinfulness and misery4 and thereby gives them a better awareness of their need for Christ and for the perfection of His obedience.5

1. Romans 1:20; Leviticus 11:44-45; Leviticus 20:7-8; Romans 7:12

2. Micah 6:8; James 2:10-11; Romans 1:32

3. Psalm 19:11-12; Romans 3:20; Romans 7:7

4. Romans 3:9-23

5. Galatians 3:21-24; Romans 10:4

 

 

Q. 89: Of what particular use is the moral law to unregenerate men?

A: The moral law is of particular use to unregenerate men because it awakens their consciences to flee from the coming wrath1 and so drive them to Christ.2 However, if they continue in their unregenerate and sinful condition, the moral law has left them without excuse3 and under its curse.4

1. Psalm 51:13; 1 Timothy 1:9-11

2. Galatians 3:24

3. Romans 1:20; Romans 2:15

4. Galatians 3:10

 

 

Q. 90: Of what particular use is the moral law to regenerate men?

A: Although those who are regenerate are freed from the moral law as a covenant of works,1 so that they are neither justified2 nor condemned3 by it, the moral law is of particular use to believers because it shows them how much they owe to Christ for fulfilling it and for enduring its curse in their place and for their good.4 This recognition provokes believers to greater thankfulness,5 so that they would take greater care to conform themselves to the moral law as the rule of their obedience.6

1. Romans 6:14; Romans 7:4-6; Galatians 4:4-5; Colossians 2:13-14

2. Romans 3:20

3. Galatians 5:22-23; Romans 8:1

4. Romans 7:24-25; Galatians 3:13-14; Romans 8:3-4; Acts 13:38-39

5. Luke 1:68-75; Colossians 1:12-14; Romans 6:14

6. Deuteronomy 30:19-20; Romans 7:22; Romans 12:2; Titus 2:11-14; James 1:25

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