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In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we continue our exhaustive discussion on the Ten Commandments, which is the summary of the moral law. This section consists of an substantial expansion of questions 59-62 in the Keach Catechism and the Baptist Catechism on the Third Commandment. Because of the essential agreement between Reformed Presbyterians and Reformed Baptist on the use and function of the law, the extended answers are very similar to questions 111-114 in the Westminster Larger Catechism.

As before, feel free to comment on the additional questions added and the expanded questions below.

 

 

Q. 103: What is the third commandment?

A: The third commandment is: You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses His name.1

1.  Exodus 20:7

 

 

Q. 104: What is required in the third commandment?

A: The third commandment requires the holy and reverent use in our thought, meditations, words, and writing,1 of God’s name; titles; qualities;2 regulations;3 word, sacraments and prayer;4 oaths and vows;5 casting lots,6 His works,7 and anything else by which He makes Himself known. This treatment will be reflected in holy affirmations of our faith and conduct that matches our affirmations,8 to the glory of God9 and the good of ourselves and others.10

1. Malachi 3:16; Psalm 8; Colossians 3:17; Psalm 105:2,5; Psalm 102:18

2. Matthew 6:9; Deuteronomy 28:58; Psalm 29:2; Psalm 68:4; Revelation 15:3-4

3. Malachi 1:14; Ecclesiastes 5:1

4. Psalm 138:2; 1 Corinthians 11:24-25, 28-29; 1 Timothy 2:8

5. Jeremiah 4:2; Ecclesiastes 5:2-6; Psalm 76:11

6. Acts 1:24-26

7. Job 36:24; Psalm 107:21-22

8. 1 Peter 3:15; Philippians 1:27

9. 1 Corinthians 10:31

10. Jeremiah 32:39; 1 Peter 2:12

 

 

Q. 105: What is forbidden in the third commandment?

A: The third commandment forbids: not using God’s name as is required;1 the abuse of it through ignorance, empty or unholy treatment;2 irreverence;3 superstition,4 or any wicked reference to his titles, qualities,5 regulations, or works;6 blasphemy;7 perjury;8 all sinful cursing;9 oaths and vows;10 and casting lots;11 violating our oaths and vows, if lawful,12 and keeping them, if aimed at unlawful things;13 complaining and quarreling about14 or misapplication of God’s decrees and acts of providence.15

Also forbidden are: misinterpreting or misapplying God’s word or perverting all or part of its meaning in any way;16 blasphemous mockery of His word,17 pointless arguing, meaningless talk, or supporting false doctrines;18 abusing God’s name, His creatures, or anything included under his name in the practice of magic19 or to promote sinful desires and activities;20 maligning, scorning, reviling,21 or opposing in any way God’s truth, grace, and actions;22 pretending to be religious or using religion for evil purposes;23 being ashamed of God’s name24 or a shame to it by stubbornly refusing to obey him25 and by living unwisely,26 unfruitfully,27 or in such a way as to offend him or backslide away from him.28

1. Malachi 2:2

2. Acts 17:23; Proverbs 30:9

3. Malachi 1:6-7, 12; Malachi 3:14

4. 1 Samuel 4:3-5; Jeremiah 7:4, 9-10,14,31; Colossians 2:20-22

5. 2 Kings 18:30,35; Exodus 5:2; Psalm 139:20

6. Psalm 50:16-17; Isaiah 5:12

7. 2 Kings 19:22; Leviticus 24:11

8. Zechariah 5:4; Zechariah 8:17

9. 1 Samuel 17:43; 2 Samuel 16:5; Romans 12:14

10. Jeremiah 5:7; Jeremiah 23:10; Deuteronomy 23:18Acts 23:12-14

11. Esther 3:7; Esther 9:24; Psalm 22:18

12. Psalm 24:4; Ezekiel 17:16-19

13. Mark 6:26; 1 Samuel 25:22, 32-34

14. Romans 9:14, 19-20

15. Romans 3:5-7; Romans 6:1

16. Matthew 5:21-48; Ezekiel 13:22; 2 Peter 3:16; Matthew 22:23-32

17. Isaiah 22:13; Jeremiah 23:34-38; Ephesians 5:4

18. 1 Timothy 1:4-7; 1 Timothy 6:4-5, 20; 2 Timothy 2:14; Titus 3:9

19. Deuteronomy 18:10-14; Acts 19:13

20. 2 Timothy 4:3-4; Romans 13:13-14; 1 Kings 21:9-10; Jude 4

21. Acts 13:45; 1 John 3:12; Psalm 1:1; 2 Peter 3:3; 1 Peter 4:4

22. Acts 13:45-50; Acts 4:18; Acts 19:9; 1 Thessalonians 2:16; Hebrews 10:29

23. 2 Timothy 3:5Matthew 23:14; Matthew 6:1-5, 16

24. Mark 8:38

25. Psalm 73:14-15

26. 1 Corinthians 6:5-6; Ephesians 5:15-17

27. Isaiah 5:4; 2 Peter 1:8-9

28. Romans 2:23-24; Galatians 3:1-3; Hebrews 6:6

 

 

Q. 106: What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?

A: The reasons are in these words: for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses His name. Because He is the LORD and our God, His name must never be treated as unholy or misused by us in any way,1 particularly since He is so opposed to acquitting or sparing those who break this commandment that He will not allow them to escape His righteous punishment,2 even though many who do break this commandment escape human condemnation and punishment.3

1. Leviticus 19:12

2. Ezekiel 36:21-23; Deuteronomy 28:58-59; Zechariah 5:2-4

3. 1 Samuel 2:12-24; 1 Samuel 3:13

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