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In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we continue our exhaustive discussion on the Ten Commandments, which is the summary of the moral law. This section consists of an expansion of questions 73-75 in the Keach Catechism and the Baptist Catechism on the Sixth Commandment. Because of the essential agreement between Reformed Presbyterians and Reformed Baptists on the use and function of the law, the extended answers are very similar to questions 134-136 in the Westminster Larger Catechism.
As before, feel free to comment on the expanded questions below.
Q. 123: What is the sixth commandment?
A: The sixth commandment is: You shall not murder.1
1. Exodus 20:13
Q. 124: What is required in the sixth commandment?
A: The sixth commandment requires us to make every lawful effort to preserve our own life1 and the lives of others.2 We do this by not thinking about or planning,3 by controlling our emotions,4 and by avoiding all opportunities,5 temptations,6 or actions that would promote or lead to the unjust taking of someone’s life.7 In the pursuit of that goal, we must defend others from violence,8 patiently endure the afflictions from God’s hand,9 have a quiet mind10 and a cheerful spirit,11 practice temperance in the way we eat,12 drink,13 take medications,14 sleep,15 work,16 and play.17 We should also harbor charitable thoughts,18 love,19 compassion, meekness, gentleness, and kindness.20 Our speech and behavior should be peaceful, mild, and courteous.21 We should be tolerant of others, be ready to be reconciled, patiently put up with and forgive injuries against us, and return good for evil.22 Finally, we should provide aid and comfort to those in distress as well as protect and defend the innocent.23
15. Psalm 127:2
Q. 125: What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?
A: The sixth commandment forbids: taking our own or anyone else’s1 life, except in the pursuit of public justice,2 lawful war,3 or necessary defense.4 It also includes neglecting or withholding the necessary means for the preservation of life.5 It also includes sinful anger,6 hatred,7 envy,8 or desire for revenge;9 all excessive emotions10 and distracting anxieties;11 intemperate eating, drinking,12 working,13 or playing;14 speaking in a provocative way,15 oppressing,16 quarreling with17 or wounding others,18 and anything else conducive to the destruction of anyone’s life.19
6. Matthew 5:22
9. Romans 12:19
11. Matthew 6:31-34
18. Numbers 35:16-21