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In this section of the Baptist Larger Catechism, we continue our exhaustive discussion on the Ten Commandments, which is the summary of the moral law. This section consists of an expansion of questions 82-84 in the Keach Catechism and the Baptist Catechism on the Ninth Commandment. Because of the essential agreement between Reformed Presbyterians and Reformed Baptists on the use and function of the law, the extended answers are very similar to questions 143-145 in the Westminster Larger Catechism.

As before, feel free to comment on the expanded questions below.

 

 

 

Q. 132: What is the ninth commandment?

A: The ninth commandment is: You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.1

1. Exodus 20:16

 

 

Q. 133: What is required in the ninth commandment?

A: The ninth commandment requires that we maintain and promote truthfulness in our dealings with each other and the good reputation of others as well as ourselves.1 We must come forward and stand up for the truth,2 speaking the truth and nothing but the truth from our hearts,3 sincerely, freely, clearly, and without equivocation,4 not only in all matters relating to the law and justice5 but in any and every circumstance whatsoever.6 We must have a charitable regard for others,7 loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good reputation8 as well as regretting9 and putting the best light on their failings.10 We must freely acknowledge their talents and gifts,11 defending their innocence,12 readily receiving a good report about them and reluctantly admitting a bad one.13 We should discourage gossips, flatterers, and slanderers;14 we should love and protect our own good reputation and defend it when necessary;15 we should keep every lawful promise we make no matter what;16 and finally we should do the best we can to focus our lives and thoughts on things that are true, noble, lovely, and admirable.17

1. Zechariah 8:16; Ephesians 4:25; 3 John 12

2. Proverbs 31:8-9

3. Psalm 15:2

4. 2 Chronicles 19:9; 1 Samuel 19:4-5; Jeremiah 9:3; Joshua 7:19; Jeremiah 42:4; Acts 20:20, 272 Samuel 14:18-20

5. Leviticus 19:15; Proverbs 14:5, 15

6. 2 Corinthians 1:17-18; Ephesians 4:25; Isaiah 63:8; Colossians 3:9

7. Hebrews 6:9; 1 Corinthians 13:4-7

8. Romans 1:8; 2 John 4; 3 John 3-4

9. 2 Corinthians 2:4; 2 Corinthians 12:21; Psalm 119:158

10. Proverbs 17:9; 1 Peter 4:8

11. 1 Corinthians 1:4-7; 2 Timothy 1:4-5

12. 1 Samuel 22:14; Psalm 82:3

13. 1 Corinthians 13:4-7; Psalm 15:3

14. Proverbs 25:23; Proverbs 26:24-25; Psalm 101:5

15. Proverbs 22:1; John 8:49; 2 Corinthians 11:18-23

16. Psalm 15:4

17. Philippians 4:8

 

 

Q. 134: What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?

A: The ninth commandment forbids everything detrimental to the truth and the good reputation of others as well as our own,1 with special reference to legal matters in the courts.2 We must not give untrue evidence,3 commit perjury,4 knowingly appear and plead on behalf of an evil cause, or engage in overbearing and boastful exaggeration.5 We should never participate in passing an unjust sentence,6 call evil good or good evil, or reward the wicked in a way appropriate to the righteous or the righteous in a way appropriate to the wicked.7 Forgery is forbidden,8 as is concealing the truth, remaining silent in a just cause,9 and not taking it on ourselves to reprove10 or complain to others about some wrong.11 We must not speak the truth at an inappropriate time,12 or maliciously to promote a wrong purpose,13 nor pervert it into a wrong meaning,14 into ambiguous equivocations, or in such ways as to undermine truth and justice.15

Also forbidden are: saying anything untrue;16 lying, slandering, backbiting;17 belittling, gossiping, whispering, ridiculing, reviling;18 expressing any kind of judgmental opinion that is rash, harsh, or prejudiced;19 misconstruing intentions, words, and actions;20 flattery and ostentatious boasting;21 thinking or speaking too highly or too poorly of ourselves or others;22 denying the gifts of God or the effects of his grace on us;23 exaggerating the significance of trivial faults;24 concealing, excusing, or rationalizing our sinful behavior when we are called to confess it voluntarily;25 gratuitously revealing the problems and failings of others;26 spreading false rumors, receiving and approving evil reports, and refusing to listen to a just defense;27 harboring evil suspicions;28 being envious of or grieved by the deserved honors others receive, trying to discredit those honors, and rejoicing at someone else’s disgrace or evil reputation;29 scornful contempt and foolish admiration;30 breaking our lawful promises;31 and, finally, failing to promote everyone’s good name,32 and doing, not avoiding, or not hindering in others, as we can, those things that give people a bad name.33

1. 1 Samuel 17:28; 2 Samuel 16:3; 2 Samuel 1:9-16; Luke 3:14

2. Leviticus 19:15; Habakkuk 1:4

3. Proverbs 19:5; Proverbs 6:16, 19

4. Acts 6:13

5. Jeremiah 9:3-5; Acts 24:2-5; Psalm 12:3-4; Psalm 52:1-4

6. Proverbs 17:15; 1 Kings 21:9-14

7. Isaiah 5:23

8. Psalm 119:69; Luke 19:8; Luke 16:5-7; 1 Kings 21:8

9. Leviticus 5:1; Deuteronomy 13:8; Acts 5:3-9; 2 Timothy 4:6

10. 1 Kings 1:6; Leviticus 19:17; Isaiah 58:1

11. Isaiah 59:4

12. Proverbs 29:11

13. 1 Samuel 22:9-10; Psalm 52:1-5

14. Psalm 56:5; John 2:19; Matthew 26:60-61

15. Genesis 3:5; Genesis 26:7-9

16. Isaiah 59:13

17. Leviticus 19:11; Colossians 3:9; Psalm 50:20; Psalm 15:3; Romans 1:30

18. James 4:11; Jeremiah 38:4; Titus 3:2; Leviticus 19:16; Romans 1:29-30; Proverbs 16:28; Genesis 21:9; Galatians 4:29; Isaiah 28:22; 1 Corinthians 6:10

19. Matthew 7:1; Acts 28:4; James 2:13; Genesis 38:24; Romans 2:1; John 7:24

20. Nehemiah 6:6-8; Romans 3:8; Psalm 69:10; 1 Samuel 1:13-15;
2 Samuel 10:3

21. Psalm 12:2-3; 2 Timothy 3:2

22. Luke 18:9-11; Romans 12:16; 1 Corinthians 4:6; Acts 12:22; Exodus 4:10-14

23. Job 27:5-6; Job 4:6; Galatians 5:26

24. Matthew 7:3-5; Isaiah 29:20-21

25. Proverbs 28:13; Proverbs 30:20; Genesis 3:12-13; Genesis 4:9; Jeremiah 2:35; 2 Kings 5:25

26. Genesis 9:22; Proverbs 25:9-10

27. Exodus 23:1; Proverbs 29:12; Jeremiah 20:10; Acts 7:56-57;
Job 31:13-14

28. 1 Corinthians 13:4-5; 1 Timothy 6:4

29. Numbers 11:29; Matthew 21:15; Ezra 4:12-13; Daniel 6:3-4; Jeremiah 48:27

30. Psalm 35:15-16,21; Matthew 27:28-29; Jude 16; Acts 12:22;
1 Corinthians 3:21

31. Romans 1:31; 2 Timothy 3:3

32. 1 Samuel 2:24; 2 Samuel 12:14

33. 2 Samuel 12:13-14; Proverbs 5:8-9; Philippians 3:18-19;
2 Peter 2:2

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